Interfibio members Prof. O’sullivan, Dr. Magrin? and Dr. Ortiz published in collaboration with the?Czech Academy of Sciences, the?Masaryk University and the?Charles University in Prague the following article:

Tuning of Oxidation Potential of Ferrocene for Ratiometric Redox Labeling and Coding of Nucleotides and DNA?

Chemistry, A European Journal, 2019

Three sets of 7-deazaadenine and cytosine nucleosides and nucleoside triphosphates bearing either unsubstituted ferrocene, octamethylferrocene and ferrocenecarboxamide linked through an alkyne tether to position 7 or 5, respectively, were designed and synthesized. The modified dNFcXTPs were good substrates for KOD XL DNA polymerase in primer extension and were used for enzymatic synthesis of redox-labelled DNA probes. Square-wave voltammetry showed that the octamethylferrocene oxidation potential was shifted to lower values, whilst the ferrocenecarboxamide was shifted to higher potentials, as compared to ferrocene.

Tailed PEX products containing different ratios of Fc-labelled A (dAFc) and FcPa-labelled C (dCFcPa) were synthesized and hybridized with capture oligonucleotides immobilized on gold electrodes to study the electrochemistry of the redoxlabelled DNA. Clearly distinguishable, fully orthogonal and ratiometric peaks were observed for the dAFc and dCFcPa bases in DNA, demonstrating their potential for use in redox coding of nucleobases and for the direct electrochemical measurement of the relative ratio of nucleobases in an unknown sequence of DNA.